Primary Sources

Cleveland Citizen. 9 October, 1909.

The Cleveland Journal. 26 July 1909.

The Cleveland News. 2 October 1909.

The Cleveland Plain Dealer. 1,2 October 1909.

Cuyahoga County Coroner's Verdict #13036, Coroner's report, Autopsy report, Parrot Testimony, Lyon's Testimony, Maron's Testimony, Flood Testimony, Subpoenas.

1910 Ohio Census, Ward 4, ED 163, 164& 165.

Platbook of Cuyahoga Ohio. Vol. 1. Philadelphia: G.M. Hopkins Co., 1912

Statement made by Roy Lyons, Buffalo, New York, October 12, 1909.



Secondary Sources

Kusmer, Kenneth. Ghetto Takes Shape: Black Cleveland 1870-1930. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1978.

Lane, Roger. Murder In America. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1997.

Levy, Donald. Report of the Location of Nationality Groups in Greater Cleveland. Cleveland: Cleveland State University, 1969.

Wheeler, Robert & Carol Poh Miller. Cleveland: A Concise History, 1976-1996. Indianapolis: University Press, 1997.