Abraham Lincoln: (1809-1865) 16th President of America
Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, in a log cabin in Hardin County, Kentucky.
Abraham was elected to the lower house of the Illinois legislature in 1834 until 1841. He became a lawyer in 1836,
and in 1837 he moved to Springfield
and built up a successful practice. He married Mary Todd on Nov. 4,
Lincoln was inaugurated as 16th President
of the United States
in March 1861. By then seven states had seceded from the Union. On April 12, 1861 South Carolina fired
on Fort Sumter, the Civil
War had began.
Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863 declaring
the slaves within the Confederacy to be free forever. On April 14,
1865, just five days after Lee's surrender at Appomattox,
President Lincoln attended a performance at Fords Theater in Washington, were John Wilkes Booth fatally shot the President. He
died the next morning.
Congress, Abraham Lincoln Papers
Presidential Library and Museum
Northern Illinois University,
Abraham Lincoln Historical Digitization Project
PBS, The Time of the
The White House,
Presidential Biographies, Abraham Lincoln