Vincas Kudirka was born on December 31, 1858 in the village of Paežeria. In 1871, he entered the Marijampolė high school where he began to write verses in Polish. It was at Marijampolė high school where he began to edit a satirical paper called “Klamstwo” (The Lie). (Lithuanian Classic Literature Anthology)
In 1881, he began
his studies at the Warsaw University, where he studied history and philology
before he moved on to the School of Medicine from which he graduated in
1889. “In 1890-1894 Vincas Kudirka
practiced medicine at Šakiai. There, he wrote
literary works and collected Lithuanian folklore to compose musical works.
He went to Yalta (Crimea) in 1894, after falling ill with tuberculosis,
but returned to
was one of the ideologists of the Lithuanian national movement and editor
of prohibited newspaper "Varpas"
("The Bell"), publicist, and poet. He is
perhaps best known for his publication of "National
Hymn" (text and notes), which became the national anthem of
Kudirka eventually settled in Naumiestis and wrote until his death on November 6, 1896.