General Rudolf Meister (Maister):
Slovenian Military Figure
is by far the first historical military figure to be recognized by the
country of Slovenia. Prior
and during World War I, much of Slovenia
was striving for independence from the Austrio-Hungarian
empire. One of the most powerful industrial
cities named Maribor, located in the northeastern
section of Slovenia, led a
crucial battle for independence from Austria.
State-building began in Maribor in the mid-1700s
and continued on into the nineteenth century. Much of its urban development
was financed largely by German capital. “Slovene cultural
and political life developed after the mid-nineteenth century, in the
face of formidable German liberal assimilation pressures.” (Plut-Pregelj,
Leopoldina, and Carole Rogel.
Historical Dictionary of Slovenia.
pg. 171, 1996)
is best known for his strength in the battle for Slovenian autonomy
and the battle to keep Maribor within its
boundaries. On November 1, 1918, General Rudolf Meister took full control
of the Maribor garrison. Two days later,
Austrio-Hungarian forces surrendered. By November 23, 1918,
General Meister disarmed the German militia and secured the territory
of Maribor for Slovenia.
This marked the end of World War I and a new beginning for Slovenia
and its territories. (Slovenian
Statue of General
Photographs of the Garden
History of Maribor
of the Metal Corporation, Mariborska livarna Maribor
Church, Slovenian National Home, with the help of Mr. Stan Kuhar
Plut-Pregelj, Leopoldina, and Carole Rogel. Historical
Dictionary of Slovenia, Lanham, MD: The Scarecrow Press, Inc., pg. 171, 1996.