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Hetman Bohdan Khmelnitsky: (1595-1657) Ukrainian Cossack Leader

Bohdan Khmelnitsky was born in 1595 in Chigirin, Ukraine.  He was educated in Poland and served with the Polish military against the Turks.  In December 1647, he rebuked against the Polish governor, forcing him to flee the Ukraine and join the fortress of the Zaporozhian Cossacks, a group of runaway serfs, bandits, and traders who settled along the Dneiper River.  (The New Encyclopedia Britannica, 15th Edition, Vol. 6, p. 838)

Khmelnitsky is best known for his rebellious and fearless nature.  As a result of Polish political rule over the Ukraine, Khmelnitsky led the Zaporozhian Cossacks and staged a mass uprising against the Poles in 1648.  “His victorious advance won him additional support from the dissatisfied townspeople and clergy of Ukraine, who joined him in a mass uprising that enabled him to enter Poland proper and seize Luiv.” (The New Encyclopedia Britannica, 15th edition) 

After making peace with the Polish king, a virtually independent Cossack principality was established in the Ukraine. (The New Encyclopedia Britannica, 15th Edition)

Photographs:

Photographs of the Garden

Further Reading:

History of Khmelnitsky, 1648-57

History of the Ukraine

The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History

Published Source:

The New Encyclopedia Britannica, 15th Edition. Vol. 6., p. 837-8, 2002.