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IDENTITY, BOUNDRIES AND CULTURES IN EASTERN EUROPE

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DAILY LESSON PLAN ACTIVITIES

DAY 1

OBJECTIVES:

1. Students will recognize and identify a map of Eastern Central Europe. 

2.  Students will label physical features, places and historic sites on a blank map of the area.

3.  Students will learn that there is a significant memorial to those who came from other lands and were a part of the building of Cleveland.

ACTIVITIES:

1.  Lecture and discussion of the physical features of the area known as Eastern Central Europe.

2.  Show students maps of Eastern Central Europe that demonstrate the various people groups that were in the region using the interactive SmartBoard.

3.  Introduce the Cleveland Cultural Gardens as a microcosmic representation of a living map of Europe here in Cleveland. (The countries represented in the Cleveland Cultural Gardens are not arranged the way they are in Europe, nor were they ever intended to be.)

4.  Students select a time period to investigate this region of Europe

MATERIALS NEEDED:

1.  Blank maps of Eastern Central Europe

2.  Colored pencils

3.  Black or Blue Ballpoint pens

4.  Atlases of Eastern Central Europe

5.  SmartBoard and map websites

6.  Large poster-style map of the Cleveland Cultural Gardens

 ASSESSMENTS:

1.  Accuracy and usability of maps

2.  Discussion of the ever-changing face of Europe and its impact on the people. ASSIGNMENT

1.  Students choose an era to investigate a people-group that invaded Eastern Central Europe over time.  (The Celts, The Romans. The Mongols, The Vandals, The Slavs, The Germanic Tribes. The Ottomans, The Crusaders, The Austro-Hungarian Empire, Germany)  

REFERENCES:

Nystrom Desk Atlas or Rand McNally Desk Atlas for each student

The Cultural Gardens of Cleveland Website

http://academic.csuohio.edu/clevelandhistory/culturalgardens/

Map showing the lands of the Celts and the Romans

http://resourcesforhistory.com/map.htm

Germanic Kingdoms and the East Roman Empire 486 AD

http://historymedren.about.com/library/atlas/blatmapgermanic.htm

Map of Ottoman Empire

www.ata.boun.edu.tr/.../ Hist121/Map_List.htm

Map of the Hapsburg Empire – Austro-Hungarian Empire

www.hapsburg.com/ about1.htm

DAY 2 – LIBRARY RESEARCH

OBJECTIVES

1.  Students will investigate one of the invading people groups that inhabited Eastern Central Europe.

2.  Students will detail information on the invading people group and record it on an information sheet.

ACTIVITIES:

1.  Students will use the library and the internet to research information on the people group that they chose.

2.  Students will work in groups to organize the information to be presented for the next day’s class.

MATERIALS NEEDED:

1.  Selected people group to investigate

2.  Data/information collection sheet

3.  Research materials and internet access

ASSESSMENTS:

1.  Accurately completed data/information sheets

ASSIGNMENT:

Students will organize their information for their presentation to the class during the next class period.

REFERENCES:

Begin the research with a map of the selected people group and time reference, then continue to follow promising leads.

DAY 3

OBJECTIVES:

1.  To assist students in realizing the complex nature of international relations in Eastern Europe.

2.  To assist students in understanding the difference between nationalism and identification with a regional ethnicity.

3.  To introduce the Cultural Gardens of Cleveland as a living Memorial to the Nationalities that built Cleveland.

ACTIVITIES:

1.  Student groups will present their information on the era/time frame that they investigated in Eastern Central Europe.  They may use the SmartBoard to show maps of the area that will help identify the data.

2.  Discussion on the elusive nature of permanent borders in the region and the effect on people over time.  (Importance of ethnicity, religion, customs, language, culture)

3.  Introduce the Cultural Gardens of Cleveland as an expression of ethnicity in the Cleveland Area of the many nationalities that have contributed to the growth of Cleveland.  The Garden of the Czech Republic will be used to profile the development of the movement to memorialize the nationalities that built Cleveland.

MATERIALS NEEDED:

1.  Student group information

2.  SmartBoard with internet access to the Cultural Gardens of Cleveland website

ASSESSMENT:

An informal assessment of student understanding of the overlying cultures in the region through an Exit Ticket Question

Exit Ticket Answers can be written on 3X5 cards and handed in as the students leave.

Examples:

1.      What do you think the reaction of the resident population was to the next group to invade was?

2.      How have the influences of the overlying cultures influenced the area’s population?

3.      Why do you think this are was such a target for invasion?

ASSIGNMENT:

Students will select one garden to investigate using the Action/Data Sheet provided.

REFERENCES:

The Cultural Gardens of Cleveland Website

http://academic.csuohio.edu/clevelandhistory/culturalgardens/

Czech facts and map

http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ez.html

DAYS 4 & 5 LIBRARY RESEARCH

OBJECTIVES:

1.  Students will research the Cultural Garden of their choice to gain insight into the ethnicity of the people that created it as an expression of their nation’s contribution of Cleveland.

2.  Students will document their findings on the Action/Data sheets provided.

ACTIVITIES:

1. Students will use the jigsaw strategy to complete the work in one period.   (Each student in the group researches a different aspect of the Garden chosen, then they pool all of their information.)

2.  Students will research their Cultural Gardens by using library resources as well as internet access.

MATERIALS NEEDED:

1. Library resources and internet access

2.  Action/Data Sheet

ASSESSMENTS:

Completed Data sheets

REFERENCES:

The Cultural Gardens of Cleveland Website

http://academic.csuohio.edu/clevelandhistory/culturalgardens/

World Book Online

www.worldbook.com

Day 6

OBJECTIVES

1.  Students will learn from one another as the individual groups present information about their Cultural Garden.

ACTIVITIES

1.  Students present their findings and information on their Cultural Gardens to the class using an interesting visual such as a PowerPoint presentation or a trifold poster.

2.  Students will take notes on other Cultural Gardens as they are presented on the Data sheet provided.

MATERIALS NEEDED:

1.  Computer for PowerPoint presenters

2.  Data sheets for students

ASSESSMENTS:

  1. Informal observation of the student presentations
  2. Compilation of data on the part of the individual students

ASSIGNMENT:

Students in each of the Cultural Gardens groups will develop a Scavenger Hunt for their Garden.  These Scavenger Hunt forms will then be duplicated so that the students will have access to as many of the Gardens as possible. The students will be able to use these forms in their exploration of the Cultural Gardens of Cleveland.

Day 7

OBJECTIVE:

1.  To explore the Cultural Gardens of Cleveland

2.  To gain first-hand experience with the memorials created by the nationalities that built Cleveland.

ACTIVITIES:

1.  Students will use the Scavenger Hunt forms developed by the Cultural Garden group to find out about the individual Gardens.

2.  Students will record and document the information on the Scavenger Hunt form.

3.  Students will stay with their group and group chaperone during their explorations.

MATERIALS NEEDED:

1.  Scavenger Hunt forms

2. Chaperones – one for each group of students

ASSESSMENTS:

  1. Informal teacher observations of class discussion based on the students experience in the Cultural Gardens of Cleveland
  2. Formal student written critique of the positives and negatives of their experiences in studying the ethnicities, countries and peoples who created the Cultural Gardens of Cleveland as well as the gardens themselves.

ALTERNATE CULMINATING EXPERIENCE

Students design their won cultural garden representing one of the countries in Europe from 1200 AD to 1750 AD.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

The Cultural Gardens of Cleveland Website

http://academic.csuohio.edu/clevelandhistory/culturalgardens/

Map showing the lands of the Celts and the Romans

http://resourcesforhistory.com/map.htm

Germanic Kingdoms and the East Roman Empire 486 AD

http://historymedren.about.com/library/atlas/blatmapgermanic.htm

Map of Ottoman Empire

www.ata.boun.edu.tr/.../ Hist121/Map_List.htm

Map of the Hapsburg Empire – Austro-Hungarian Empire

www.hapsburg.com/ about1.htm

Terezin – Austro-Hungarian Empire

www.interdisciplinary.neu.edu/.../ history2.html