Primary Sources

Cleveland Gazette. 20, April 1912.

Cleveland Plain Dealer. 14, 18, 21, April 1912.

The Cleveland News. 18, 21 April 1912.

Coroner's Verdict, #16060, Inez Williams, April 19, 1912.

Sanborn Insurance Maps, 1911. Vol.1 or Plat Book of the City of Cleveland Suburbs Vol. 1 plate 2.


Secondary Sources

Demming, David, W. A Social and Demographic Study of Cuyahoga County. Kent State University Thesis, 1976.

Davis, Russell H. Memorable Negroes in Cleveland's Past. Cleveland: Western Reserve Historical Society, 1969.

DuBois, W.E. Burghart. The Black North in 1901. New York: Arno Press and the New York Times, 1969.

Fogle, H.M.. Palace of Death. Self Published, 1909.

Hunter, Jane Edna. A Nickel and a Prayer. New York: Elli Kani Publishing Co, 1984.

Kusmer, Kennith N. A Ghetto Takes Shape. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1978.

Lane, Roger. Murder in America. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1997.