The Crime

Media Accounts and the Coroner's Inquest

Cleveland's African-American Community

Homicide Trends


by Mary Demmy



Primary Sources

Cleveland Gazette. 20, April 1912.

Cleveland Plain Dealer. 14, 18, 21, April 1912.

The Cleveland News. 18, 21 April 1912.

Coroner's Verdict, #16060, Inez Williams, April 19, 1912.

Sanborn Insurance Maps, 1911. Vol.1 or Plat Book of the City of Cleveland Suburbs Vol. 1 plate 2.


Secondary Sources

Demming, David, W. A Social and Demographic Study of Cuyahoga County. Kent State University Thesis, 1976.

Davis, Russell H. Memorable Negroes in Cleveland's Past. Cleveland: Western Reserve Historical Society, 1969.

DuBois, W.E. Burghart. The Black North in 1901. New York: Arno Press and the New York Times, 1969.

Fogle, H.M.. Palace of Death. Self Published, 1909.

Hunter, Jane Edna. A Nickel and a Prayer. New York: Elli Kani Publishing Co, 1984.

Kusmer, Kennith N. A Ghetto Takes Shape. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1978.

Lane, Roger. Murder in America. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1997.