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John Hay: (1838-1905) American Statesman

John Milton Hay was born October 8, 1838 in Salem Indiana, but he spent most of his youth in Warsaw, Illinois.

John Hay became acquainted with Abraham Lincoln while practicing law in Springfield, Illinois, and in1861, he was appointed private secretary to President Lincoln. In 1878, he became assistant Secretary of State, working with Henry Adams and Henry Cabot Lodge. Hay wrote an influential biography of his friend Abraham Lincoln. In 1897, William McKinley appointed him ambassador to Great Britain, and in 1898 Hay was named Secretary of State. He forged an "Open Door" policy with China, advancing American interests during the Boxer Rebellion and negotiated the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty.


John Hay Bust

Further Reading:

Library of Congress, The World of 1898: The Spanish-American War, entry for John Hay