Friedrich von Schiller: (1759-1805) Dramatist. Poet and Literary Theorist
Friedrich von Schiller was born in Marbach, Württemberg in 1759. He was considered the leading German 18th-century dramatist, poet, and literary theorist.
Schiller's mature plays examine the inward freedom of the soul; his first play The Robbers (1781) was a landmark in German theatrical history and spoke of the ideas of liberty. His first drama, DIE RÄUBER, was published in 1781, and performed next year in Mannheim.
Schiller met with Goethe in July 1794 a meeting that led to a renewal of Schiller's creative talents. Schiller encouraged Goethe to return to his Faust and Goethe contributed to his journal Die Horen from 1795 to 1797.
Schiller also wrote poetry and essays, including Ode to Joy, which was later used by Ludwig van Beethoven in his Ninth Symphony. Influenced by the philosophy of Kant, Schiller developed his aesthetic theories, stressing the sublime and the creative powers of humanity. Friedrich von Schiller died in Weimar on May 9, 1805 at the age of 46. Schillers intellectual connections to Goethe persisted in death; the two were buried together in the same mausoleum. They are also memorialized together in the Cleveland Cultural Garden.