Art & Sculpture



Academic Essays






      1.  HISTORY

      Students use materials drawn from the diversity of human experience to analyze and interpret significant events, patterns, and themes in the history of the world.

BENCHMARK C. Describe the characteristics of feudal societies and the transition to the Renaissance and Reformation in Europe.

                              Feudalism and Transitions

3.  Describe the conditions that gave rise to feudalism, as well as political, economic and social characteristics of feudalism in Europe.

4.  Explain the lasting effects of military conquests during the Middle Ages including:

                                                      a.  Muslim Conquests

                                                      b.  The Crusades

                                                      c.  The Mongol Invasions

BENCHMARK D.  Describe the effects of interactions among civilizations during the 14th through the 18th centuries.

                              The First Global Age

7.  Describe the causes and effects of European exploration after 1400 including:  Imperialism, colonialism and mercantilism


      Students use knowledge of perspectives, practices and products of culture, ethnic and social groups to analyze the impact of their commonality and diversity within local, national, regional, and global settings.

BENCHMARK A.  Compare cultural practices, products, and perspectives of past civilizations to understand commonality and diversity of cultures.


1.  Analyze the relationships among cultural practices, products, and perspectives of early civilizations.

BENCHMARK C.  Explain how contact between different cultures impacts the diffusion of belief systems, art, science, technology, language, and forms of government.


3.  Give examples of contacts among different cultures that led to the changes in belief systems, art, science, technology, language, or systems of government.    

      3.  GEOGRAPHY

      Students use knowledge of geographic locations, patterns, and processes to show the interrelationship between the physical environment and human activity, and to explain the interactions that occur in an increasingly interdependent world.

BENCHMARK A.  Identify on a map the location of major physical and human features of each continent.


1.  For each of the societies studied, identify the locationof the significant physical and human characteristics on a map of the relevant regions.                         

2.  On a map, identify places related to the historical events being studied and explain their significance.

BENCHMARK C.  Explain how the environment influences the way people live in different places and the consequences of modifying the environment.

                                    Human Environmental Interaction

4.  Use physical and historical maps to analyze the reasons that human features are located in particular places.

BENCHMARK D.  Explain reasons that people, products and ideas move from place to place and the effects of that movement on geographic patterns.


5.  Describe the geographic factors and processes that contribute to and impede the diffusion of people, products and ideas from place to place including:

                                                            a. Physical features;

                                                            b. Culture;

                                                            c. War;

                                                            d. Trade;

                                                            e. Technological Innovations

            4.  ECONOMICS

            Students use economic reasoning skills and knowledge of major economic concepts, issues and systems in order to make informed choices as producers, consumers, savers, investors, workers and citizens in an interdependent world.

BENCHMARK A.  Explain how the endowment and development of productive resources affect economic decisions and global interactions.

                                    Scarcity and Resource Allocation

1.  Compare the endowment of productive resources in world regions and explain how this endowment contributed to specialization, trade, and interdependence in ancient times.


            Students collect, organize, evaluate, and synthesize information from multiple sources to draw logical conclusions.  Students communicate this information using appropriate social studies terminology in oral, written, or multimedia form and apply what they have learned to societal issues in simulated or real-world settings.

                        BENCHMARK B.  Organize historical information in text or graphic format and analyze the information in order to draw conclusions.

                                    Thinking and Organizing

1.  Describe historical events and issues from the perspectives of people living at the time in order to avoid evaluating the past in terms of today’s norms and values.