Unit Plan Utilizing the Lithuanian Cultural
Joseph Houser & Shane Dennison
**Course: American History (1877-Present), Grade: 10th grade
The following are questions and statements which should be researched and discuss in class in order to have an understanding of this subject – “Immigration in The United States”.
1. What is an immigrant?
a. Why do people leave their home countries to make a new home in
b. What is it like to be a newcomer in
c. What hardships have immigrants faced?
d. What joys and opportunities have they experienced?
3. Ellis Island/Angel Island and the significance of the Statue of Liberty.
of newcomers to
populations of immigrants settle in major cities:
1880 on, immigrants arrive from southern and eastern
7. The forces
that pushed immigrants from their country and those that pulled the immigrants
8. The metaphor
The sample activities suggested are for a 10th grade class.
To begin, we need a sample project that will allow the usage
of primary sources while providing for the context in relation to the
cultural gardens. The assignment to students, who will be divided into
groups of five, will be two-fold. First, they will be given a specific
ethnic group to track. During this phase of the assignment several primary
resources will be introduced to them that they must utilize. One such
source will be the census. The teacher will show the students how to search
for each decade by pulling out specific information and numbers that directly
apply to their assignment. They will be informed they are to find the
overall population of their group in
Students must also perform at least one interview per group
member. These interviews will be with older persons of their assigned
heritage to find out what effect immigration and ethnic history has had
on their lives or families lives. The group will be expected to put their
findings from these primary sources into a logical and understanding paper.
The interviews these tenth grade U.S. History students will perform, directly
applies to the 'History' strand included within the OH Social Studies
content standards. The State of
The second phase of their assignment will involve each group
becoming a mini-federation themselves, responsible for creating their
own gardens. Primary source uses for this phase will include close observation
of the Constitution of the Cleveland Cultural Gardens Foundation, which
is still in existence today. The Articles of Incorporation would serve
as an excellent primary source for the group to study to get a basis for
what they might want their individual gardens to represent. While role-playing (acting as actual federation members) and using
their own creativeness, the students will be encouraged to promote peace
and ethnic tolerance at all times when incorporating their gardens specifics.
By using primary sources and their own innovations, these particular assignments
can be rewarding and an excellent addition to any schools social studies
curriculum. Finally, this group project encompasses the 'Social Studies
Skills and Methods Standard' Strand emphasized by the State of